What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of numerous associated diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the really small systems that comprise all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not normal grow and spread out really fast. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. With time, they also die. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not die when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells normally group or clump together to form growths (say: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a swelling of cancer cells that can ruin the regular cells around the growth and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone very ill.
In some cases cancer cells break away from the original growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a new place in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you probably don't understand any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a big football stadium with kids, most likely only one kid because stadium would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some people get cancer and others do not. They do understand that cancer is not infectious. You can't catch it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't brought on by bacteria, like colds or the influenza are. So don't hesitate of other kids-- or anyone else-- with cancer. You can speak to, have fun with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't real! Kids do not do anything incorrect to get cancer. But some unhealthy habits, particularly smoking or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you become an adult.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a medical professional to find out a kid has cancer. That's because the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight reduction, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling extremely worn out or sick for a while-- usually are not brought on by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's frequently brought on by something less severe, like an infection. With medical testing, the doctor can determine what's causing the difficulty.
If the medical professional believes cancer, she or he can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A physician might Helpful hints purchase X-rays and blood tests and suggest the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a medical professional who takes care of and treats cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if someone really has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has infected other parts of the body. Based on the results, the physician will decide the finest method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is presumed, like the bone marrow. Don't fret-- somebody getting this test will get unique medication to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be analyzed under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The faster cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's opportunities are for a complete recovery and cure.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest type of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. Throughout surgical treatment, the physician attempts to get as lots of cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might likewise be gotten rid of to make certain that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is using anti-cancer medications (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are often taken as a pill, however normally are offered through a special intravenous (state: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through someone's skin, usually on the arm. The catheter is attached to a bag that holds the medicine. The medicine flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medicine into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.